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How Do You Stack Disc Springs?

Feb. 29, 2024

Stacking Belleville disc springs allows for precise customization of the load and/or deflection of the springs.


Stacking in parallel (same direction) will increase load.

Stacking in series (opposite directions) will increase deflection.


Belleville disc springs can also be stacked as a combination of the two alignments.

The exact configuration of Belleville disc springs depends on the requirements of the application.


Understanding Disc Springs


Disc springs are conically shaped, washer-like components that exert a force when compressed. Their unique design allows for high load-bearing capacity and deflection while maintaining a small footprint. Stacking disc springs involves arranging multiple washers in a specific order to achieve the desired load and deflection characteristics.


Choosing the Right Configuration


Before delving into the stacking process, it's essential to understand the requirements of the application. Factors such as load capacity, deflection, and space constraints play a crucial role in determining the appropriate configuration. Disc springs are available in various shapes, sizes, and materials, allowing for customization to meet specific needs.


Stacking Belleville disc springs

Considerations for Stacking Disc Springs


When stacking disc springs, engineers must consider several factors to ensure optimal performance and reliability.


1. Orientation and Arrangement:

Disc springs can be stacked in parallel or in series, and the orientation of each washer matters. Stacking in parallel increases the load capacity, while stacking in series increases the deflection. The arrangement should align with the application's load and deflection requirements.


2. Material Compatibility:

Disc springs are available in different materials, including stainless steel, carbon steel, and alloys. It's crucial to consider the material compatibility with the operating environment to prevent corrosion or material fatigue, ensuring a longer service life.


3. Preloading:

Preloading involves compressing the disc springs to a certain extent before the application of the external load. Proper preloading helps eliminate any potential gaps between the washers and ensures a more uniform distribution of the load.


4. Stacking Sequence:

The sequence in which disc springs are stacked can significantly impact their performance. Engineers must follow the manufacturer's recommendations or conduct thorough testing to determine the most effective stacking sequence for a given application.


Stacking Disc Springs in Parallel


Parallel stacking involves placing multiple disc springs on top of each other in the same orientation. This configuration increases the total load capacity of the stack. When a force is applied, each disc spring shares the load, distributing it evenly across the entire stack.


Benefits of Parallel Stacking:

- Increased load capacity

- Enhanced stability

- Uniform distribution of force



- Limited deflection compared to series stacking


Stacking Disc Springs in Series


Series stacking requires placing disc springs in alternating orientations, creating a nested configuration. This arrangement increases the overall deflection of the stack while maintaining a relatively constant load. Series stacking is suitable for applications where deflection is a critical factor.


Benefits of Series Stacking:

- Greater deflection

- Constant load characteristics

- Suitable for applications with limited space



- Lower load capacity compared to parallel stacking


Optimizing Performance Through Proper Stacking


Achieving optimal performance with stacked disc springs involves careful consideration of the application's requirements and adherence to best practices. Engineers must conduct thorough calculations, simulations, or physical testing to determine the most suitable stacking configuration for their specific needs.


Ensuring Safety and Reliability


Properly stacked disc springs contribute to the safety and reliability of engineering systems. By understanding the load, deflection, and space constraints, engineers can design robust solutions that meet or exceed the performance expectations of the application.


Conclusion: Mastering the Art of Stacking Disc Springs


In conclusion, mastering the art of stacking disc springs is essential for unlocking their full potential in engineering applications. Whether choosing parallel stacking for increased load capacity or series stacking for greater deflection, engineers must carefully consider the requirements of the application to achieve optimal performance and reliability.


Contact Us for Disc Spring Solutions


For all your disc spring needs, contact us today. As a leading disc spring supplier, we provide high-quality products and expert guidance to help you optimize your engineering applications. Partner with us to ensure the efficient and reliable performance of your systems through proper disc spring selection and stacking. Your success is our priority, and we are here to provide tailored solutions for your specific requirements.

Stacking Belleville disc springs